How Are Varicose Veins Treated?
For many people, varicose veins are simply unsightly protruding veins on the legs. While varicose veins may be unattractive, they can lead to something more serious than jeopardizing your appearance. If this disease is ignored, it can lead to serious consequences and even disability. At an early stage, spider veins can be treated easily. If you regularly visit a doctor after that, relapse can be avoided.
What are varicose veins?
This disease occurs only in veins. No other vessels are susceptible to it. Varicose veins are the result of stretching venous walls. It can occur due to standing or sitting for work, the prolonged static strain on the legs, excess weight, hereditary predisposition, and other factors.
The muscles of the lower extremities provide blood flow through the leg veins. These muscles act as a pump. If we sit or stand all day, the muscles do not contract and the movement of blood slows down. This leads to the formation of venous stasis.
The state of the valves also plays an important role in varicose veins formation. Valves are special dampers that are located inside the vein and prevent the reverse flow of blood from top to bottom. If the valves do not close tightly, then the correct movement of the blood is disturbed. As a result, the venous walls are stretched even more.
What happens if varicose veins are not treated?
If you don’t see blue wrinkled veins on your legs, this does not mean that you do not have varicose veins. Blue marks on the skin can also indicate the presence of varicose veins in the lower extremities. And the sooner your treatment begins, the more effective it will be.
The severity of the varicose veins does not always clearly indicate the stage of the disease. Congenital features of veins, such as depth, lumen volume, wall thickness, affect how quickly and to what extent external manifestations of the disease occur. In any case, only a phlebologist can tell the degree of varicose veins development.
Varicose veins do not go away on their own. Without proper treatment, the condition of the veins will gradually worsen. And this means that pain, swelling, cramps will increase. Gradually, these unpleasant symptoms will become permanent.
Thrombophlebitis may develop. That is the formation of a blood clot in the lumen of the vessel. In the end, there may be either the complete closure of the lumen of the vein and impaired blood circulation or the separation of a thrombus and blockage of other vessels.
Another unpleasant complication of varicose veins is a trophic ulcer. Any violation of blood circulation sooner or later leads to a violation of the nutrition of surrounding tissues. That is why a non-healing wound can form on a limb affected by varicose veins. If untreated, the trophic ulcers themselves do not completely heal and can ultimately lead to gangrene.
How to treat varicose veins?
To effectively cure varicose veins, it is necessary to take several steps.
- Contact a specialist. Vein diseases are recommended to be treated by a phlebologist. Only these specialists will take into account all the structural features of the veins and offer the optimal comprehensive treatment.
- Have an ultrasound scan. This is the only way to evaluate the true state of blood vessels.
- Stick to the recommended treatment. Doctors usually make up a comprehensive program. It may include laser treatment to remove large veins and sclerotherapy to remove smaller vessels.
- Follow all the doctor’s recommendations after treatment. Compression bandages and knitwear must be worn. Compression helps to establish venous blood flow, and also increases the effectiveness of medical procedures.
- Regularly undergo preventive treatment. A visit to your phlebologist once every six months will help to avoid the relapse of varicose veins.
Varicose vein is a disease that can be successfully treated without surgery with the help of endovascular and compression therapy. Still, it is necessary to see a doctor during the first stages. There are excellent methods of endovascular treatment of this disease, such as sclerotherapy. They are fast, painless, and effective. Following the doctor’s prescriptions will give an excellent result.
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